District Level Poverty in Pakistan

April 12, 2011 § Leave a comment

District level poverty in Pakistan reveals an interesting situation, at one hand it validates the commonly held belief of Punjab being the richest while Baluchistan being the poorest of the four provinces. But then it highlights exceptions, within each province, that are different from the rest. Some districts in the North of Baluchistan are better off from the rest in the province, while the south of Punjab is much worse off than the North.

The data is from a paper by Mr. Haroon Jamal, titled “Income Poverty at District Level: An application of small area estimation technique” publised by the SPDC in 2007, its downloadable from here: http://www.spdc.org.pk/pubs/rr/rr70.pdf

The paper uses data from the Household Integrated Economic Survey (HIES) and the Pakistan Social and Living Standards Measurement Survey (PSLM) for 2004-05. Data on FATA, FANA, and Azad Kashmir was not available in the surveys. Furthermore, survey wasnt carried out in Dera Bugti and Kohlu due to security reason.

This is the district by district situation, where areas in red represent higher percentage of people predicted to live below the poverty line.

 

In a total of 98 districts, the least poor district was Karachi at 9.15% while the highest percentage of people below the poverty line were predicted to be in Chaghi at 76.1%.

After Karachi the next district in Sindh with the lowest poverty rate was Hyderabad at the 18th position.

In terms of ranking, after Karachi the next 15 districts are from Punjab, the top three are Rawalpindi, Lahore and Jhelum. The top three districts in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa are Mansehra, Abbottabad and Haripur. For Baluchistan the top three are Quetta, Ziarat and Kalat, while for Sindh they are Karachi, Hyderabad and Sanghar.

For Punjab the poorest districts are Muzaffargarh, Rajan Pur and D.G. Khan. For Sindh they are Shikarpur, Thatha, and Larkana. For Baluchistan: Chaghi, Lasbela and Zhob, while for Pakhtunkhwa: Upper Dir, Shangla and Lakki Marwat

Amongst provincial capitals, Karachi is at number 1, while Lahore is number 3, Quetta comes at number 41, while Peshawar has the highest incidence of poverty at number 50.

Following is a ranking of all the districts.

Prov. Name District Name Percentage of People below Poverty Line Rank
Sindh Karachi 9.15 1
Punjab Rawalpindi 11.32 2
Punjab Lahore 11.6 3
Punjab Jhelum 12.32 4
Punjab Gujrat 12.72 5
Punjab Sialkot 13.96 6
Punjab Attock 14.11 7
Punjab Mandi Bahauddin 17.33 8
Punjab Chakwal 18.09 9
Punjab Bhakkar 18.21 10
Punjab Toba Tek Singh 18.95 11
Punjab Gujranwala 19.04 12
Punjab Narowal 19.3 13
Punjab Faisalabad 19.84 14
Pukhtunkhwa Mansehra 20.74 15
Pukhtunkhwa Abbottabad 21.17 16
Punjab Sahiwal 21.66 17
Sindh Hyderabad 23.13 18
Punjab Hafizabad 24.04 19
Punjab Khushab 24.37 20
Sindh Sanghar 24.67 21
Sindh Sukkur 24.96 22
Punjab Sargodha 25.66 23
Punjab Sheikhupura 26.2 24
Pukhtunkhwa Haripur 27.25 25
Pukhtunkhwa Swat 27.3 26
Sindh Khairpur 27.41 27
Pukhtunkhwa Nowshera 27.98 28
Punjab Kasur 28.18 29
Pukhtunkhwa Kohat 28.53 30
Sindh Mirpur Khas 28.53 31
Sindh Tharparkar 28.92 32
Pukhtunkhwa Batagram 29.22 33
Punjab Okara 29.98 34
Punjab Vehari 30.03 35
Punjab Jhang 32.25 36
Punjab Bahawalnagar 32.45 37
Sindh Nawabshah 32.68 38
Sindh Naushahro Feroze 33.11 39
Pukhtunkhwa Bannu 33.2 40
Baluchistan Quetta 34.15 41
Sindh Jacobabad 34.16 42
Pukhtunkhwa Lower Dir 34.62 43
Pukhtunkhwa D. I. Khan 34.63 44
Sindh Badin 34.83 45
Pukhtunkhwa Tank 34.87 46
Punjab Mianwali 35.38 47
Pukhtunkhwa Kohistan 35.56 48
Sindh Dadu 36.44 49
Pukhtunkhwa Peshawar 36.51 50
Punjab Pakpattan 36.7 51
Pukhtunkhwa Karak 36.93 52
Punjab Multan 38.4 53
Punjab Khanewal 38.84 54
Pukhtunkhwa Malakand PA 39.19 55
Punjab Bahawalpur 39.46 56
Pukhtunkhwa Swabi 39.64 57
Sindh Ghotki 40.8 58
Pukhtunkhwa Charsadda 40.83 59
Punjab Leiah 40.86 60
Pukhtunkhwa Chitral 40.96 61
Baluchistan Ziarat 41.29 62
Baluchistan Kalat 41.89 63
Baluchistan Mastung 42.34 64
Pukhtunkhwa Mardan 42.46 65
Pukhtunkhwa Hangu 43.2 66
Sindh Larkana 43.33 67
Baluchistan Jaffarabad 44.14 68
Pukhtunkhwa Buner 45.38 69
Baluchistan Bolan 45.56 70
Punjab Rahim Yar Khan 45.87 71
Pukhtunkhwa Lakki Marwat 46.49 72
Sindh Thatta 46.87 73
Baluchistan Gwadar 47.55 74
Punjab Lodhran 48.37 75
Baluchistan Panjgur 49.68 76
Pukhtunkhwa Shangla 50.79 77
Baluchistan Khuzdar 50.96 78
Punjab D. G. Khan 51.01 79
Sindh Shikarpur 51.03 80
Baluchistan Loralai 52.1 81
Baluchistan Barkhan 52.84 82
Baluchistan Jhal Magsi 53.42 83
Punjab Rajanpur 54.16 84
Baluchistan Musakhel 54.26 85
Baluchistan Kech 54.4 86
Pukhtunkhwa Upper Dir 54.53 87
Baluchistan Kharan 55.52 88
Baluchistan Sibi 55.81 89
Punjab Muzaffargarh 56.29 90
Baluchistan Nasirabad 57.27 91
Baluchistan Killa Abdullah 58.82 92
Baluchistan Killa Saifullah 60.66 93
Baluchistan Awaran 61.54 94
Baluchistan Pishin 62.36 95
Baluchistan Zhob 65.99 96
Baluchistan Lasbela 66.4 97
Baluchistan Chagai 76.91 98
Baluchistan Dera Bugti Survey Not Conducted
Baluchistan Kohlu Survey Not Conducted

 

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